Research publications


Our researchers use the data provided by the Growing Up in New Zealand participants to study a wide range of topics around child development. Our findings are regularly published in national and international journals.

Growing Up in New Zealand is designed around six main areas, or 'domains'. Each domain contributes to showing how our children are developing in terms of their:

  • Health and wellbeing (including nutrition)
  • Psychosocial and cognitive development
  • Education
  • Family/whānau
  • Culture and identity
  • Societal context and neighbourhood environment

More information on these domains

Many papers and topics spread over more than one domain. In these cases, they are listed under 'Multi-domain'.
 

Domain: Multi-domain


Journal - research article

  • Morton SMB, Ramke J, Kinloch J, Grant CC, Atatoa Carr P, Leeson H, Lee AC, Robinson E (2014). Growing Up in New Zealand cohort alignment with all New Zealand births. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12220

  • Power C, Kuh D, Morton SMB (2013). From developmental origins of adult disease to life course research on adult disease and aging: insights from birth cohort studies. Annu Rev Public Health. 34:7-28. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114423

  • Morton, S., Bandara, D. K., Robinson, E. M., & Carr, P. E. A. (2012). In the 21st Century, what is an acceptable response rate? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health,36(2), 106-108 doi:10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00854.x

  • Morton SMB, Atatoa Carr P, Grant CC, Robinson ER, Bird A, Waayer D. (2012) How Do You Recruit and Retain a Pre-Birth Cohort? Lessons Learnt From Growing Up in New Zealand. Evaluation & the Health Professions. 2012 doi:10.1177/0163278712462717

  • Morton SM, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC, Robinson EM, Bandara DK, Bird A, Ivory VC, Kingi TK, Liang R, Marks EJ, Perese LM, Peterson ER, Pryor JE, Reese E, Schmidt JM, Waldie KE, Wall C. (2012). Cohort Profile: Growing Up in New Zealand. Int J Epidemiol. Feb 3 doi:10.1093/ije/dyr206

  • Shulruf, B., Morton, S., Goodyear-Smith, F., O'Loughlin, C., & Dixon, R. (2007). Designing Multidisciplinary Longitudinal Studies of Human Development Analyzing Past Research to Inform MethodologyEvaluation & the Health Professions30(3), 207-228. doi:10.1177/0163278707304030


Book chapters

  • Morton SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Bandara, D. The Status of Our Families: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Chapter 5 in Families and Whānau Status Report 2013.

  • Ivory VC, Morton SMB, Schmidt JM, Kingi TK, Atatoa Carr PE.  (2013) Capturing the capitals; a heuristic for measuring ‘wealth’ of NZ children in the 21st century. An application to the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal cohort. In: When Culture Impacts Health, 1st Edition, Chapter 22 doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-415921-1.00022-1


Reports

  • Morton, S.M.B, Grant, C.C., Berry, S.D., Walker, C.G., Corkin, M., Ly, K., de Castro, T.G., Atatoa Carr, P.E., Bandara, D.K., Mohal, J., Bird, A., Underwood, L., Fa’alili-Fidow, J., 2017. Growing Up in New Zealand: A longitudinal study of New Zealand children and their families. Now We Are Four: Describing the preschool years. Auckland: Growing Up in New Zealand.
  • Morton, S. M. B., Atatoa Carr, P. E., Grant, C. C., Berry, S. D., Mohal, J., Pillai, A. 2015. Growing Up in New Zealand: A longitudinal study of New Zealand children and their families. Vulnerability Report 2: Transitions in exposure to vulnerability in the first 1000 days of life. Auckland: Growing Up in New Zealand.
  • Morton, S. M. B., Atatoa Carr, P. E., Grant, C. C., Berry, S. D., Marks, E. J., Chen, X. M-H., Lee, A. C. 2014. Growing Up in New Zealand: A longitudinal study of New Zealand children and their families. Vulnerability Report 1: Exploring the Definition of Vulnerability for Children in their First 1000 Days. Auckland: Growing Up in New Zealand.
  • Morton, SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC (for GUiNZ team). 2014 Growing Up in New Zealand: A longitudinal study of New Zealand children and their families. Now we are Two: Describing our first 1000 days. University of Auckland, Auckland. ISSN: 2253-2501 (Print)
  • Morton, SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC (for GUiNZ team). 2012 Growing Up in New Zealand: A longitudinal study of New Zealand children and their families. Report 2: Now we are born. University of Auckland, Auckland. ISSN: 2253-2501 (Print)
  • Morton, SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC (for GUiNZ team). 2010. Growing Up in New Zealand: A Longitudinal Study of New Zealand Children and Their Families. Report 1: Before we are born. University of Auckland, Auckland. ISBN:978-0-473-17889-5 (electronic)


Internet article


Invited keynote presentations

  • Morton SMB. 'Mind the gap": Bridging the knowledge gap between policy and reality - evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Health in All Policies (HiAP) Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand. May 2015.
  • Morton SMB. Introducing the new generation of “kiwi kids” using evidence from GUiNZ. LSAC and LSIC Annual Conference, Melbourne, Australia. November 2013.
  • Morton SMB. What’s in a name? describing a life course epidemiological approach in the context of a contemporary longitudinal study. Australasian Epidemiological Association Conference Annual Conference, Brisbane, Australia. October 2013
  • Atatoa Carr, P. New Zealand Childcare Association: Te Tari Puna Ora o Aotearoa 50th Annual Conference, Wellington. Visioning our future through the eyes of the Growing Up in New Zealand cohort. July 2013
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Domain: Health and wellbeing (including nutrition)


 

Journal - research article

  • Lai, H., Camargo, Jr Carlos A., Woodward, A., Hobbs, M., Pillai, A., Morton, S., Grant, C. (October 2018). Long-term exposure to neighbourhood smoke from household heating and risk of respiratory and dermatological prescription medications – Growing Up in New Zealand child cohort study. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (Allergy). https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/all.13615
  • Gerritsen, S., Anderson, S., Morton, S., & Wall, C. (2018). Pre-school nutrition-related behaviours at home and early childhood education services: Findings from the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal study. Public Health Nutrition, 21(7) 1222-1231. doi:10.1017/S1368980017004116
  • Farewell CV, Thayer ZM, Puma JE, Morton S (2018). Exploring the timing and duration of maternal stress exposure: Impacts on early childhood BMI. Early Human Development 117, 15-18 doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2017.12.001
  • Shackleton N, Milne BJ, Audas R, Derraik JGB, Zhu T, Taylor RW, Morton SMB, Glover M,  Cutfield WS, Taylor B (2017). Improving rates of overweight, obesity and extreme obesity in New Zealand 4-year-old children in 2010–2016. Pediatric Obesity Published online doi: 0.1111/ijpo.12260 
  • Castro T, Grant C, Wall C, Welch M, Marks R, Fleming C, Teixeira J, Bandara D, Berry S, Morton S (2017). Breastfeeding indicators among a nationally representative multi-ethnic sample of New Zealand children. NZ Medical Journal 130 (1466) 01 December
  • Berry SD, Walker CG, Ly K, Snell RG, Atatoa Carr PE, Bandara D, Mohal J, Castro T, Marks E, Morton SMB, Grant CC. (2017) Widespread prevalence of a CREBRF variant amongst Māori and Pacific children is associated with weight and height in early childhood. International Journal of Obesity online doi: 10.1038/ijo.2017.230
  • Veerasingam P, Grant CC, Chelimo C, Philipson K, Gilchrist CA, Berry S, Atatoa Carr P, Camargo Jr CA, Morton S (2017). Vaccine education during pregnancy and timeliness of infant immunization. Pediatrics 140(3): e20163727 published online 18 August
  • Berry S, Atatoa Carr P, Kool B, Mohal J, Morton S, Grant C. (2017) Housing tenure as a focus for reducing inequalities in the home safety environment: evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health online doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12695
  • Underwood L, Morton SMB, Waldie KE. (2017). Assessing depression among new fathers – reply JAMA Psychiatry Published online 28 June doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.1400
  • Gerritsen S, Dean B, Morton SMB, Wall C. (2017) Do childcare menus meet nutrition guidelines? Quantity, variety and quality of food provided in New Zealand Early Childhood Education services. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12667
  • D’Souza S, Waldie KE, Peterson ER, Underwood L, Morton SMB (2017). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Factor Structure of the Father-Report and Parent Agreement in 2-Year-Old Children.
    Published online doi: 10.1177/1073191117698757
  • Hobbs MR, Grant CC, Ritchie SR, Chelimo C, Morton SMB, Berry S, Thomas MG. Antibiotic consumption by New Zealand children: exposure near-universal by the age of five years. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy published online: doi: 10.1093/jac/dkx060
  • Underwood L, Waldie KE, Peterson E, D’Souza S, Verbiest M, McDaid F, Morton S. (2017) Paternal depression symptoms during pregnancy and after childbirth among participants in the Growing Up in New Zealand study. JAMA Psychiatry 74(4): 1-10. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.4234
  • TinTin S, Woodward, A, Saraf R, Berry S, Atatoa Carr, P, Morton SMB, Grant CC. (2016). Internal living environment and respiratory disease in children: findings from the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal child cohort study. Environmental Health 15:120. doi: 10.1186/s12940-016-0207-z
  • Underwood L, Waldie KE, D’Souza S, Peterson ER, Morton SMB (2016). A Longitudinal Study of Pre-pregnancy and Pregnancy Risk Factors Associated with Antenatal and Postnatal Symptoms of Depression: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Maternal and Child Health Journal. online article. doi: 10.1007/s10995-016-2191-x
  • Underwood L, Waldie K, D’Souza S, Peterson ER, Morton, SMB (2016). A review of longitudinal studies on antenatal and postnatal depression. Archives of Women's Mental Health. 19 (5): 711-720. doi: 10.1007/s00737-016-0629-1
  • Bird AL, Carr PEA, Reese E, Morton SMB (2016). Policy translation for early childhood education and care: the Growing Up in New Zealand approach. International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy 10(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s40723-016-0021-7
  • Bécares L and Atatoa-Carr P. (2016). The association between maternal and partner experienced racial discrimination and prenatal perceived stress, prenatal and postnatal depression: findings from the Growing up in New Zealand cohort study. International Journal for Equity in Health, 15, 1-15. doi: 10.1186/s12939-016-0443-4
  • Nichani V, Dirks K, Burns B, Bird A, Morton SMB, Grant CC (2016). Green Space and Physical Activity in Pregnant Women: Evidence from the Growing Up in New Zealand Study. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. Online article doi: 10.1123/jpah.2016-0013
  • Bird AL, Grant CC, Bandara DK, Mohal J, Atatoa‐Carr PE, Wise MR, Inskip H, Miyhara M, Morton SMB (2016). Maternal health in pregnancy and associations with adverse birth outcomes: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13377
  • Hobbs, M. R., Morton, S. M., Atatoa-Carr, P., Ritchie, S. R., Thomas, M. G., Saraf, R., Chelimo, C., Harnden, A., Camargo, C. A. and Grant, C. C. (2016), Ethnic disparities in infectious disease hospitalisations in the first year of life in New Zealand. J Paediatr Child Health. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13377
  • Reese E, Bird AL, Taumoepea M, Schmidt J, Mohal J, Grant CC, Carr PEA, Morton SMB. (2016). “You are our eyes and ears”: A new tool for observing parent-child interactions in large samples. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 7(4):386-408. doi: 10.14301/llcs.v7i4.381 
  • D’Souza S, Waldie KE, Peterson ER, Underwood L, Morton SMB (2016). Psychometric Properties and Normative Data for the Preschool Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in Two-Year-Old Children. J Abnorm Child Psychol.  doi: 10.1007/s10802-016-0176-2
  • Anderson YC, Wynter LE, Treves KF, Grant CC, Stewart JM, Cave TL, Wild CEK, Derraik JGB, Cutfield WS, Hofman PL (2016). Prevalence of comorbidities in obese New Zealand children and adolescents at enrolment in a community‐based obesity programme. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health Online doi: 10.1111/jpc.13315
  • Wall, C. R., Gammon, C. S., Bandara, D. K., Grant, C. C., Atatoa Carr, P. E., & Morton, S. M. B. (2016). Dietary patterns in pregnancy in New Zealand-influence of maternal socio-demographic, health and lifestyle factors. Nutrients, 8(5), 1-16. doi: 10.3390/nu8050300
  • Gerritsen, S. (2016). Nutrition education for early childhood managers, teachers and nursery cooks: a prerequisite for effective obesity prevention Public Health, 140: 56-58. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.05.025
  • Gerritsen S, Morton S, Wall CR (2016). Physical activity and screen use policy and practices in childcare: results from a survey of early childhood education services in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 40(4):319-325.  doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12529
  • Gerritsen S, Wall C, Morton S (2016). Child-care nutrition environments: results from a survey of policy and practice in New Zealand early childhood education services. Public Health Nutrition 19(09):1531-1542. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015002955
  • Grant CC, Chen MH, Bandara DK, Marks EJ, Gilchrist CA, Lewycka S, Atatoa Carr PE, Robinson EM, Pryor JE, Camargo CA, Morton SMB (2016). Antenatal immunisation intentions of expectant parents: Relationship to immunisation timeliness during infancy. Vaccine. 34(11):1379-1388). doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.01.048
  • Waldie KE, Peterson ER, D’Souza S, Underwood L, Pryor JE, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC, Morton SMB (2015). Depression symptoms during pregnancy: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Journal of Affective Disorders. 186: 66–73. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.06.009
  • McMilin C, Camargo C, Susan Morton SMB, Grant CC (2015). Understanding administrative coding of emergency department visits for unspecified acute allergic reactions New Zealand Medical Journal. 128 (1421): 39-46. Article online.
  • Bartholomew K, Morton SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Bandara DK and Grant CC (2015). Provider engagement and choice in the Lead Maternity Carer System: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 55(4): 323-330. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12319
  • Bartholomew K, Morton SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Bandara DK, Grant CC (2015). Early engagement with a Lead Maternity Carer: Results from Growing Up in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 55(3): 227–232. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12291
  • Berry S, Morton SMB, Atatoa Carr PE, Marks E, Ritchie S, Upton A, Williamson D, Grant CC (2015). Colonisation with Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes in New Zealand preschool children. New Zealand Medical Journal. 128(1410):60-67. Article online
  • Morton SMB, Saraf R, Bandara DK, et al. (2014). Maternal and perinatal predictors of newborn iron status. New Zealand Medical Journal. 127(1402):62-77. Article online (subscription only)
  • Morton SMB, Grant CC, Wall C R, Atatoa Carr PE,  Bandara D K, Schmidt JM,  Ivory V, Inskip HM, Camargo Jr CA (2014). Adherence to nutritional guidelines in pregnancy: Evidence from the Growing Up in New Zealand birth cohort study. Public Health Nutrition, FirstView Article. 1-11. doi:10.1017/S1368980014000482
  • Morton SMB, Grant CC, Atatoa Carr PE (2013). Too many left at risk by current folic acid supplementation use: evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Aust N Z J Public Health. 37(2): 190-191. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12042


Policy briefs


Invited keynote presentations

  • Berry S. Breastfeeding and weaning - Results from the Growing Up in New Zealand study. NZ Lactation Consultants Conference, Auckland, New Zealand. February 2016.
  • Grant, C. C. Contemporary paediatric issues for primary care - evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Goodfellow Symposium, Auckland, New Zealand. March 2016.
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Domain: Psychosocial and cognitive development


Journal - research article

 

  • Peterson ER, Dando E, D'Souza S, Waldie KE, Carr AE, Mohal J, Morton SMB (2018). Can Infant Temperament Be Used to Predict Which Toddlers Are Likely to Have Increased Emotional and Behavioral Problems? Early Education and development 29(4). Published online may 2018. DOI: 10.1080/10409289.2018.1457391
  • Peterson ER, Mohal J, Waldie KE, Reese E, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC, Morton SMB (2017). A Cross-Cultural Analysis of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire Very Short Form: An Item Response Theory Analysis of Infant Temperament in New Zealand. Journal of Personality Assessment. DOI: 10.1080/00223891.2017.1288128
  • Peterson ER, Waldie KE, Mohal J, Reese E, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant CC, Morton SMB (2017). Infant Behavior Questionnaire–Revised Very Short Form: A New Factor Structure's Associations With Parenting Perceptions and Child Language Outcomes. Journal of Personality Assessment. DOI: 10.1080/00223891.2017.1287709
  • Reese E, Ballard E, Taumoepeau M, Taumoefolau M, Morton SMB, Grant C C, Atatoa Carr P, McNaughton S, Schmidt J, Mohal J, Perese L (2015). Estimating language skills in Samoan- and Tongan-speaking children growing up in New Zealand First Language. 35(4-5): 407-427. Article online

 

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Domain: Family and Whānau


Journal - research article

  • Corkin MT, Peterson ER, Andrejic N, Waldie KE, Reese E, Morton SMB (2017). Predictors of Mothers’ Self-Identified Challenges in Parenting Infants: Insights from a Large, Nationally Diverse Cohort. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 27: 653-670 DOI 10.1007/s10826-017-0903-5
  • Peterson ER, Andrejic N, Corkin MT, Waldie KE, Reese E, Morton SMB. (2017): I hardly see my baby: challenges and highlights of being a New Zealand working mother of an infant. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online DOI:10.1080/1177083X.2017.1391852
  • Pryor J, Morton S, Bandara D, Robinson E, Grant CC (2014). Pregnant partners: Fathers of the Growing Up in New Zealand children. Journal of Family Studies. 20(1): 5-18. Article online


Policy brief

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Domain: Culture and Identity


Journal - research article

  • Reese E, Keegan P, McNaughton S, Kingi TK, Atatoa Carr P, Schmidt J, Mohal J, Grant C, Morton S. (2017). Te Reo Māori: Indigenous language acquisition in the context of New Zealand English. Journal of Child Language. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1017/s0305000917000241

 

Policy brief

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Domain: Societal context and neighbourhood environment


Journal - research article

  • Lai HK, Berry SD, Verbiest MEA, Tricker PJ, Atatoa Carr PE, Morton SMB, Grant CC (2017). Emergency department visits of young children and long-term exposure to neighbourhood smoke from household heating – The Growing Up in New Zealand child cohort study Environmental Pollution 231 533-540. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.201708.035
  • Nichani V, Dirks K, Burns B, Bird A Morton S, Grant C. (2017) Green space and pregnancy outcomes: Evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. Health and Place 46 21-28.  doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.007
  • Atatoa Carr PE, Reese E, Bird AL, Bandara DK, Grant CC, Morton SMB (2017) Caring for our infants: parents’ antenatal childcare intentions and nine-month reality. Early Years. doi: 10.1080/09575146.2017.1323186
  • Reese E, Peterson ER, Waldie K, Schmidt J, Bandara D, Atatoa Carr PE, Grant C, Pryor J, Morton SMB. (2016). High hopes? Educational, socioeconomic, and ethnic differences in parents' hopes and dreams for their unborn children. Journal of Child and Family Studies. doi:10.1007/s10826-016-0521-7.
  • Peterson E R, Schmidt J, Reese E, Lee AC, Atatoa Carr P, Morton SMB (2014). “I expect my baby to grow up to be a responsible and caring citizen.”: What are expectant parents’ hopes, dreams and expectations for their unborn children? Family Matters. 94:35-44. Article online

 


Reports


Policy briefs


Invited keynote presentations

  • Morton SMB. Who are our vulnerable children? Insights from GUiNZ. Perinatal Society ASM, Wellington NZ. October 2013.

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